HIV signs and symptoms

HIV Signs and Symptoms

HIV signs and symptoms vary depending on individual and stage of disease.

2 to 4 weeks after initial HIV infection a person may start developing symptoms. This is called acute retroviral syndrome or ARS. Common symptoms of ARS include fever, swollen glands, sore throat, rash, fatigue, body pains and headache.

HIV ARS signs and symptoms
HIV signs and symptoms

You should not assume you have HIV if you have any of these symptoms. These symptoms can be also caused by other illnesses. Conversely, not everyone who is infected with HIV develops ARS. Many people who are infected with HIV do not have any symptoms at all.

Videos on HIV signs and symptoms:

Clinical Latency Stage

The disease will progress to clinical latency stage where the virus is developing in the body but no HIV signs and symptoms are seen. During this stage, HIV in the body multiplies and causes the immune system to weaken; as the viral loads increases, CD4 decreases.

When CD4 decreases, a person will be prone to opportunistic infections. Since a person with HIV can remain symptom free, it is impossible to know his or her HIV status without a HIV test.

If you are on antiretroviral therapy (ART), you may live with clinical latency for several decades because treatment helps keep the virus in check.

For people who are not on ART, this clinical latency stage lasts an average of 8 – 10 years, but some people may progress through this phase faster.

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome – AIDS

Acute Retroviral Syndrome - ARS

HIV progresses to AIDS when your immune system is seriously damaged. AIDS can cause severe symptoms including rapid weight loss, recurring fever, profuse night sweats, extreme tiredness, swollen glands, diarrhoea, mouth sores, lung infections and neurological disorders.

It is impossible to know your HIV status unless you get tested for HIV.

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Other videos on HIV:

Video on HIV Treatment: Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)

Video on HIV Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP)

*Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) is short-term antiretroviral treatment to reduce the likelihood of HIV infection after potential exposure.

Videos on HIV window period and test accuracy :


1.) Dr. Tan and Partners @Novena

Men’s Health & Sexual Health Clinic

Dr. Tan Kok Kuan is currently practising in Men’s Health & Sexual Clinic @Novena Medical Centre

Novena Medial Centre
#08-31, 10 Sinaran Drive
Singapore 307506

+65 6397 2095


Operating Hours:
Monday to Friday
8.30 a.m to 5.30 p.m.

9.00 a.m. to 1.00 p.m

Sunday and Public Holiday

2.) Dr. Tan and Partners @Somerset

Men’s Lifestyle Clinic

Dr. Taufiq is currently practising in Men’s Lifestyle Clinic @Somerset (Orchard Building) 

Orchard Building
#10-08, 1 Grange Road
Singapore 239693

+65 6262 0762


Operating Hours:
Monday to Thursday
10.00 a.m to 2.00 p.m. and
3.00 p.m. to 7:00 p.m.

10.00 a.m to 1.00 p.m. and
2.00 p.m. to 7:00 p.m.

9.00 a.m. to 1.00 p.m

Sunday and Public Holiday

3.) Dr. Tan and Partners @Robertson

Men’s Health & Anonymous HIV Testing Clinic

Anonymous HIV Testing in Singapore:
(Don’t require any identification, such as passport, NRIC or contact details during registration. )

Dr Jonathon Ti is currently practising at @Robertson Branch

11 Unity Street
#02-07, Robertson Walk
Singapore 237995

+65 6238 7810


Operating Hours:
Monday to Friday
8.00 a.m to 9.00 p.m.

9.00 p.m. – 9.00 p.m.

9.00 p.m. – 2.00 p.m.

Public Holiday Closed

4) Dr. Tan and Partners @Raffles Place

Men’s Health & Sexual Health Clinic

Dr. Benjamin Loh is currently practising in Men’s Health & Sexual Clinic @Raffles Place

20 Cecil Street,
#02-01 PLUS
Singapore 049705

+65 6962 7144

Operating Hours:
8.00 a.m to 6.00 p.m.

Tuesday to Friday
8.00 a.m. to 5.00 p.m

Saturday, Sunday & Public Holiday

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