Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C

What is Hepatitis A , B and C? How to prevention them? What is Hepatitis A and B vaccination?

Before we talk about Hepatitis,

Lets understand what the word means

Hepa- means Liver

-titis means inflammation

Hence hepatitis is Inflammation of the liver.

 

What is a liver and Why is it so important ?

Well, the liver has many functions for the body ; it:

  • Processes all food and most drugs we eat
  • Makes bile to help digest food
  • Stores iron reserves, as well as vitamins and minerals
  • Detoxifies poisonous chemicals, including alcohol and drugs
  • Stores energy by stockpiling sugar until needed
  • Manufactures new proteins
  • Makes clotting factors to help blood clot

 

So what causes hepatitis ?

There are several known viruses that cause hepatitis including hepatitis A, hepatitisB and hepatitis C.

 

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A is caused by Hepatitis A virus (HAV) which is spread by (Stool-To-Mouthfecal oral route.

Things you can do to protect yourself from Hep A includes:

  • Drink water from a clean source
  • Consuming clean food that is protected from flies
  • Ensure good hygiene and sanitation
  • Washing your hands with soap and water after using the toilet

 

The best way to prevent hepatitis A is getting vaccinated with the hepatitis A vaccine!

 

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is caused by the HBV virus.

It spreads when blood, semen, or other body fluid of the infected enters the body of a person who is not infected.

 

How this can be transmitted includes during activities such as:

  • Birth (spread from an infected mother to her baby during birth)
  • Unprotected Sex with an infected partner
  • Sharing contaminated needles, syringes, or other drug-injection equipment
  • Unsterile tattooing or piercing
  • Sharing items such as razors or toothbrushes with an infected person
  • Direct contact with the blood or open sores of an infected person
  • Exposure to blood from needle sticks or other sharp instruments

 

Remember, Hepatitis B virus do not spread by sharing eating utensils, breastfeeding, hugging, kissing, holding hands, coughing, or sneezing.

 

Prevention of Hepatitis B

 

Things you can do to protect yourself from Hepatitis B includes:

  • Practice safe sex (use condoms).
  • Don’t share personal items that could have an infected person’s blood on it, i.e. toothbrushes, razors, nail clippers, body piercing instruments.
  • Don’t share drug needles, cocaine straws or any drug paraphernalia.
  • Cover all sores and rashes
  • Clean up any blood spills with a 10% solution of household bleach.
  • The best way to prevent hepatitis B is by getting the hepatitis B vaccine!

 

 

 

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is caused by HCV virus.

It spreads when blood of the infected enters the body of a person who is not infected.

Some people could be carrying the virus and display no symptoms at all

This is doubly risky, as they could transmit the virus to others.

 

Things you can do to protect yourself from Hepatitis C includes:

  • Avoid handling anything that may have the blood (especially sharps ) of an infected person on it, such as razors, scissors,nail clippers
  • Don’t share drug needles, cocaine straws or any drug paraphernalia.
  • Practice safe sex (use condoms)
  • There is NO vaccine to prevent HCV!

However being vaccinated for hepatitis B provides some protection against Hepatitis C!

Also checkout:

HIV and Hep C coinfection window period

 



Questions?

1.) Dr. Tan and Partners @Novena


Men’s Health & Sexual Health Clinic

Dr. Tan Kok Kuan is currently practising in Men’s Health & Sexual Clinic @Novena Medical Centre

Address:
Novena Medial Centre
#08-31, 10 Sinaran Drive
Singapore 307506

Telephone:
+65 6397 2095

Email: doctor@drtanandpartners.com

Operating Hours:
Monday to Friday
8.30 a.m to 5.30 p.m.

Saturday
9.00 a.m. to 1.00 p.m

Sunday and Public Holiday
Closed

2.) Dr. Tan and Partners @Somerset


Men’s Lifestyle Clinic

Address:
Orchard Building
#10-08, 1 Grange Road
Singapore 239693

Telephone:
+65 6262 0762

Email: doctor@drtanandpartners.com

Operating Hours:
Monday to Friday
10.00 a.m to 2.00 p.m. and
3.00 p.m. to 7:00 p.m.

Saturday
9.00 a.m. to 1.00 p.m

Sunday and Public Holiday
Closed

3.) Dr. Tan and Partners @Robertson


Men’s Health & Anonymous HIV Testing Clinic

Anonymous HIV Testing in Singapore:
(Don’t require any identification, such as passport, NRIC or contact details during registration. )

Dr Deepa and Dr Jonathon Ti are currently practising at @Robertson Branch

Address:
11 Unity Street
#02-07, Robertson Walk
Singapore 237995

Telephone:
+65 6238 7810

Email: doctor@drtanandpartners.com

Operating Hours:
Monday to Friday
8.00 a.m to 9.00 p.m.

Saturday & Sunday
9.00 p.m. – 2.00 p.m.

4.) Dr. Tan and Partners @Scotts


Men’s Health Clinic

Dr. Justin Sii & Dr. Elaine are currently practising at our Men’s Health Clinic @Scotts Medical Centre

Address:
9 Scotts Road,
#06-06, Scotts Medical Centre
Singapore 228210

Telephone:
+65 6694 2348

Email: doctor@drtanandpartners.com

Operating Hours:
Monday to Friday
8.00 a.m to 5.00 p.m.

Saturday
8.00 a.m. to 12.00 p.m

Sunday & Public Holiday Closed